A neuropsychologist is a clinical psychologist with specialized training in brain-behavior relationships. In other words, they are able to examine how various neurological illnesses and neurodevelopmental disorders impact cognitive domains such as attention, executive functioning, learning and memory, language, visual spatial skills, etc. Neuropsychologists also examine emotional and social functioning in order to thoroughly characterize an individual’s strengths and weaknesses. Clinical neuropsychologists use standardized and well-validated instruments to accurately assess a wide variety of domains. Neuropsychologists also make recommendations regarding treatment and education planning to mitigate symptoms and help patients overcome the effects of their disability.